Research - Exchange
The report on vocational training, orientation and employment for children aged from 15 to 18 years old aims to assess the situation of employment and determine the demands for vocational training and orientation of children from 15 to 18 years old. The report collected data from 5 target groups: out-ofschool children (331), high school students (363), vocational training institutions (47), parents (65) and enterprises (72). It applied both quantitative and qualitative research methods in assessing the situation in 4 localities: Hanoi, Dien Bien, An Giang and Kon Tum from January to August 2019. Some key findings are highlighted as follows:
The objective of TVET is to develop a qualified and demand-orientated labor force. Vocational training has to equip the trainees with appropriate knowledge, skills and attitude according to the respective occupational standards reflecting the needs of the business sector to enable the graduates to obtain decent employment or to create self-employment after the training.
On 27 November 2014, the Law on Vocational Education and Training was passed by the National Assembly Term XIII at its 8th Session and came into effect since 1st July 2015. The new law has legalized many important issues related to the fundamental and comprehensive reform of vocational training, which were previously mentioned in Decree No.29-NQ/TW of Central Committee Term XI. It can be said that the changes of the Law on Vocational Education and Training has created a totally new look for the whole education system and particularly Vocational Education and Training (VET) system in Vietnam.
This article below will elaborate one of the major changes in the new VET law, it is the reform of training levels and system of VET.
On 27 November 2014, the Law on Vocational Education and Training was passed by the National Assembly Term XIII at its 8th Session and will come into effect from 1st July 2015. It can be said that this law has strongly legalized the viewpoint of fundamental and comprehensive reform of education in general, of vocational education and training in particular as in the Resolution no. 8th, the Central Committee Term XI, has solved various constraints of the reality, has brought in a new aspect for vocational education and training of Viet Nam, meeting the requirements of integration regionally and internationally.
Under the framework of 27th ASEAN summit on November 22nd 2015, ASEAN leaders signed the Kuala Lumpur Declaration 2015 on the establishment of “ASEAN Community” on December 31st 2015. This event officially marked the formation of ASEAN Community 2015 which was a big achievement gained after a long process of uniting and integrating among ASEAN nations during the last half of 20th century.
In recent years, along with integration and globalization process, production chains and labor distribution have been deepened. Apart from that, human resources in general and technical workers in particular are increasingly playing the decisive role for the development and enhancement of national competitiveness.